MANILA, Philippines – A little over a year after Bataan 1st District Representative Geraldine Roman delivered an emotional speech asking fellow lawmakers to support an anti-distrimination bill, the House of Representatives on Wednesday, September 20, passed it on 3rd reading.
Voting 197-0, "House Bill Number 4982 or An Act Probihiting Discrimination on the Basis of Sexual Orientation or Gender Identity or Expression (SOGIE) and Providing Penalties therefore," was approved on 3rd and final reading.
The SOGIE Equality Bill protects people from discriminatory acts such as:
Denial of access to public services
Including SOGIE as a criteria for hiring or dismissal of workers
Refusing admission or expelling students in schools based on SOGIE
Imposing disciplinary actions that are harsher than customary due to the student's SOGIE
Refusing or revoking accreditation of organizations based on the SOGIE of members
Denying access to health services
Denying the application for professional licenses and similar documents
Denying access to establishments, facilities, and services open to the general public
Forcing a person to undertake any medical or psychological examination to determine or alter one's SOGIE
Harassment committed by persons involved in law enforcement
Publishing information intended to "out" or reveal the SOGIE of a person without consent
Engaging in public speech which intends to shame or ridicule LGBTQ+ persons
Subjecting persons to harassment motivated by the offenders bias against the offended party's SOGIE, which may come in the form of any medium, including telecommunications and social media
Subjecting any person to gender profiling
Preventing a child under parental authority from expressing one's SOGIE by inflicting or threatening to inflict bodily or physical harm or by causing mental or emotional suffering
Those convicted of discriminating against a person as defined in the bill shall be fined not less than P100,000 but not more than P500,000, or be imprisoned for less than one year but not more than 6 years or both.
A court can also opt to impose community service in the form of human rights education and familiarization with and exposure to the plight of victims, according to Dinagat Representative Kaka Bag-ao, one of the principal authors of the bill.
The struggle to push the measure has been long and winding. A version of it was first filed during the 11th Congress by then Akbayan Representative Etta Rosales. It was approved on 3rd and final reading by the House but the Senate failed to do the same.
In 2006, the bill reached second reading at the House during the 13th Congress.
A similar measure is pending before the Senate. – Rappler.com