CHARLESTON, USA (3rd UPDATE) – More than a million people were ordered Monday, September 10, to evacuate the path of Hurricane Florence as the powerful Category 4 storm packing winds of 140 miles (220 kilometers) per hour bore down on the East Coast of the United States.
South Carolina Governor Henry McMaster told up to one million residents of the state's eastern coast to leave their homes ahead of the storm's possible arrival on Thursday, September 13.
The governor of neighboring North Carolina ordered an evacuation of the Outer Banks, a popular tourist destination, and parts of coastal Dare County, while a state of emergency was declared in Virginia.
"This is a very dangerous hurricane," McMaster said, adding that the evacuation order for coastal counties was "mandatory, not voluntary."
"We do not want to risk one South Carolina life in this hurricane," the governor told a press conference. "We're liable to have a whole lot of flooding."
Hurricane Florence has the potential to bring catastrophic flooding to areas of the eastern United States already soaked by heavy rain and may be the strongest storm to hit the region in decades.
A Category 4 on the 5-level Saffir-Simpson hurricane wind scale, Florence was 525 miles south-southeast of Bermuda and the center of the hurricane was forecast to pass between Bermuda and the Bahamas on Tuesday, September 11, and Wednesday, September 12, the National Hurricane Center (NHC) said in its 5:00 pm (2100 GMT) advisory.
Florence is currently moving west at around 13 miles per hour.
"Florence has continued to rapidly strengthen," the NHC said. "Florence is expected to be an extremely dangerous major hurricane through Thursday."
President Donald Trump tweeted out a message to residents in the storm's path, urging them to heed the warnings of state and local officials.
"To the incredible citizens of North Carolina, South Carolina and the entire East Coast – the storm looks very bad!" wrote the president, who cancelled a planned rally Friday, September 14, in Jackson, Mississippi, in light of the approaching storm.
"Please take all necessary precautions. We have already began mobilizing our assets to respond accordingly, and we are here for you!"
To the incredible citizens of North Carolina, South Carolina and the entire East Coast - the storm looks very bad! Please take all necessary precautions. We have already began mobilizing our assets to respond accordingly, and we are here for you! pic.twitter.com/g74cyD6b6K — Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) September 10, 2018
Storm surge and hurricane watches
At a hardware store in downtown Charleston, South Carolina, store manager John Johnson said the rush on batteries, flashlights, plastic tarps and sandbags began Friday.
"From 8 o'clock 'til two we were slammed," said Johnson, who sold scores of bags of sand over the weekend, saving just a few to barricade the store's own doors.
"We were nonstop."
On Monday afternoon, nurse Barbara Mack was using a small shovel to fill sandbags at a public works facility in Charleston – but she saw a silver lining in the hurricane preparations.
"This is good exercise," she quipped. "This is probably the only exercise I get this week."
Storm surge and hurricane watches may be issued Tuesday morning for portions of southeastern US states, the NHC said.
On its current track, Florence is expected to slam the Carolinas and Virginia the hardest.
Virginia Governor Ralph Northam's office warned of "catastrophic inland flooding, high winds and possible widespread power outages," cautioning that the deadliest risk would come from flooding.
The US Navy said it was preparing to send about 30 ships stationed in Virginia out to sea.
The vessels will get underway from Naval Station Norfolk and Joint Expeditionary Base Little Creek to avoid potential damage from winds and tidal surges, said Colonel Rob Manning a Pentagon spokesman.
Heavy rain in the Washington area over the weekend has already led to flooding in historic Alexandria, Virginia, and the National Weather Service issued a flood watch for part of the Potomac River.
Two more hurricanes
North Carolina Governor Roy Cooper's office said Florence is already being felt along the state's coast, with large sea swells resulting in life-threatening rip currents and surf.
"This is a huge storm," said Robert Woodward, chairman of the Dare County Board of Commissioners, predicting 15 to 20 inches (38 to 50 centimeters) of rain.
"Never have we seen quite this type of a storm approach us."
At this height of the Atlantic hurricane season, Florence was being trailed on east-to-west paths by two other hurricanes, Helene and Isaac.
Helene – 475 miles west of the Cape Verde islands off the African coast – had winds up to 105 miles per hour, and was expected to continue moving west-northwest for another couple of days, the NHC said.
Hurricane Isaac – which late Sunday, September 9, became the fifth hurricane of the season – is heading west toward the Caribbean.
Isaac, which the NHC called a small hurricane, was about 1,090 miles east of the Lesser Antilles – a region still recovering from last year's powerful Hurricane Maria – with maximum sustained winds of 75 miles per hour.
Maria – which killed at least 3,057 people, most in Puerto Rico – is believed to be the third-costliest tropical cyclone on record.
Hurricane Katrina was a Category 3 storm when it made landfall on the Gulf Coast in August 2005 – claiming an estimated 1,833 lives. – Rappler.com